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Developmental Psychology

MODULE TEST

  1. Beth is conducting an observation for her introductory psychology course. She observes a mother enter a daycare facility to pick up a child. Interestingly, instead of greeting his mother warmly, the child acts ambivalent, avoiding eye contact with his mother and continuing to play, almost as if his mother were not there at all. According to Ainsworth's research on attachment, the interaction observed is characteristic of what form of attachment?

    secure attachment
    avoidant attachment
    undifferentiated attachment
    resistant attachment

  2. Social rules and conventions dominate the person's view of morality in which level of Kohlberg's theory of moral development?

    reconventional morality
    conventional morality
    postconventional morality
    unconventional morality

  3. Researchers interested in the assessment of infant self-awareness employ a research strategy known as the

    Rudolph test.
    blush test.
    red test.
    rouge test.

  4. Daniel loves playing with his infant son Criket. He has just discovered that gently touching Criket's right cheek makes his son turn his little head to the right. Criket's reflexive cheek turn is known to developmental psychologists as

    the sucking reflex.
    the grasping reflex.
    the rooting reflex.
    the walking reflex.

  5. A cerebral vascular accident that occurs when there is blockage or hemorrhage of a cerebral artery supplying the brain with oxygen is known as

    Alzheimer's disease.
    Stroke.
    Parkinson's disease.
    myocardial Infarction.

  6. This form of intelligence refers to the ability to reason abstractly, solve logical problems, and make quick inferences.

    emotional intelligence
    crystallized intelligence
    fluid intelligence
    moral reasoning

  7. Niles is playing with his four-month-old infant daughter Brooke. He passes a red plastic ball from side to side in front of his attentive daughter, whose eyes are fixed on the ball, before he hides it under a white cotton hand towel. However, as soon as the ball disappears, Brooke focuses her attention on something else, instead of looking for the hidden object, much to her father's displeasure. Niles has nothing to be disappointed about, for Brooke has yet to master

    object permanence.
    conservation of matter.
    conservation of number.
    Audition.

  8. Which stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development occurs in late adulthood and has as its goal wisdom?

    intimacy versus isolation
    trust versus mistrust
    integrity versus despair
    generativity versus stagnation

  9. The term referring to the integration of new experience into existing schemata is

    accommodation.
    conservation of mass.
    assimilation.
    object permanence.

  10. According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, the premise "all other things being equal," associated with hypothesis testing, is possible for individuals at which developmental stage?

    concrete operations
    sensorimotor stage
    preoperations
    formal operations

  11. A research design employed by developmental psychologists that follows the same group of individuals over a period of time, is known as a

    cross-sectional study.
    cross-sequential study.
    longitudinal study.
    random sampling.

  12. The term that refers to small groups of fewer than ten people who are close friends, usually with similar backgrounds, interests, and attitudes is

    young adults.
    zygotes.
    cliques.
    colleagues.

  13. Xena just gave birth to a set of identical twins. Excited to show off her knowledge of developmental psychology, she calls her professor, Dr. Bryson, to tell him the good news; only she's forgotten the scientific term for identical twins she learned in class. After congratulating her, Dr. Bryson reminds Xena that identical twins are also known as

    dyzygotic twins.
    monochromatic twins.
    monozygotic twins.
    fraternal twins.

  14. The sex hormone that leads to the production of male physical characteristics during the embryonic stage of prenatal development is

    estrogen.
    progesterone.
    testosterone.
    adrenaline.

  15. Neonatal visual acuity can be as poor as ______ at birth

    20/600
    20/20
    20/40
    20/500

  16. Gizmo visits a museum with her boyfriend Forrest. As the two stroll hand in hand through an exhibition of nineteenth century portraits of children, they notice something peculiar; all the children look like miniature adults. Fortunately, Dr. Sanchez was standing nearby, and eagerly volunteered the truth about historic perceptions of children. Which is most likely his explanation?

    "Water without fluoride caused children to look like little adults."
    "You must be standing too close. If you stand a bit further, they will get smaller."
    "The individuals depicted in the paintings were in fact young-looking adults that volunteered as models for unruly children."
    "Prior to the twentieth century, and the influence of developmental psychology, there was a general belief that children were in fact smaller versions of adults."

  17. Which researchers are known for conducting studies on attachment with baby rhesus monkeys?

    Piaget and colleagues
    Ainsworth and Bowlby
    Harlow and colleagues
    Erikson and Freud