Contents











The contents of the book are listed under each chapter heading. The links at the chapter headings will take you to the chapter sections on this web site where you will find a great deal of material not included in the book.

Section I: What

Chapter 1: News and Society

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
News values
Why news matters
          SIDEBAR: Everybody talks about the weather
News and the social order
          SIDEBAR: Theodore Roosevelt and the Bully Pulpit
          WHAT DO YOU THINK? The journalist’s dilemma
Pressures on journalists
          SIDEBAR: A passport, a keyboard and a paycheck
The job of the journalist
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference


Chapter 2: Culture of Journalism

WHAT DO YOU THINK? Should journalists share quotes?
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
The world of the journalist
Character and characteristics
Skepticism and cynicism
Working within the news organization
Dealing with sources
Objectivity and fairness
          SIDEBAR: Liberal or conservative media? (Part 1)
Unacceptable practices
          SIDEBAR: Liberal or conservative media? (Part 2)
News organizations in the larger culture of journalism
          SIDEBAR: Civic journalism
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference


Chapter 3: Becoming a Journalist

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Prepare
Learn about the field
Getting trained
          SIDEBAR: Getting help
Go to work
          SIDEBAR: Joining up
Get started
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
 

Section II: Where

Chapter 4: Newspapers

Interactive newspaper organizational chart
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Initiators of journalism
Organizational structure: the business side
Organization structure: the editorial side
          SIDEBAR: The Black Press: An Alternative Voice in American Journalism
The editorial page
Newspapers today
          SIDEBAR: Small newspaper, big-time journalism
Major players in the newspaper industry
The future of newspapers
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and referenc


Chapter 5: Magazines

Magazines and Photojournalism’s Golden Age
Mark Twain and travel writing
Interactive magazine organizational chart
SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
          SIDEBAR: On the cover of Rolling Stone
Why magazine journalism?
Structure of the magazine industry
          SIDEBAR: Slate.com: Overcoming the E-zine Doubters
Creating a magazine
     Staff structure and employment
          SIDEBAR: A month in the life of the art director
Magazine journalism
Freelance writing
The future of magazines
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference

 
Chapter 6: Television and Radio

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Impact and immediacy
Radio: news at a different level
Local television
          SIDEBAR: Public broadcasting
Television news
          SIDEBAR: The JFK assassination: Television's first big story
Regulation of broadcasting
The future of broadcasting
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference

 
 Chapter 7: News Web Sites

Interactive news web site organizational chart
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
The difference of the web?
          The news web site
Owned and operated
Independently owned
          SIDEBAR: Questions of credibility plague the web
Web logs: a new form of journalism?
Whither web sites?
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference



Section III: Who and How

Chapter 8: Reporters

Great sports writers
Lauren Cabell: How to become your editor's favorite reporter
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
What reporters do
Personal characteristics
          SIDEBAR: Profile of the American Journalist
Becoming a professional
          SIDEBAR: The most gratifying moment
Getting there: Becoming a reporter
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference

 
Chapter 9: Reporting

Stephen Downes: Giving context to reporting
Basic references for reporters
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Five Ws and One H
Types of sources
          SIDEBAR: Tips on covering a beat
Interviewing
          SIDEBAR: A dozen interviewing tips
A note on accuracy
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Exercises

 
Chapter 10: Writing news and features

Verbs of attribution
Clichés
Simple words
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Basic writing characteristics
          SIDEBAR: Writing values and advice
Writing conventions
Attribution
Other writing conventions
The inverted pyramid
The lead paragraph
          SIDEBAR: Inverted pyramid checklist
Developing the story
Feature styles
Characteristics of feature writing
Read, analyze, emulate
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Examples
Exercises

 
Chapter 11: Style

Developing a local stylebook
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Wire service stylebooks
SIDEBAR: Trademarks
Journalistic conventions
          SIDEBAR: Basic AP style rules
Language sensitivity
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Exercises


Chapter 12: Editors

Anne Glover: The Seven Deadly Copy Editing Sins
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
The most important job
Who is the editor?
Traits of an editor
The editor-writer relationship
          SIDEBAR: Editors, watch out for those writers
What the editor must do
Getting to be an editor
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference

 
Chapter 13: Editing and headline writing

Grammar, Spelling, Punctuation and Diction Guide
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Accuracy
Checking facts
          SIDEBAR: A day in the life of a copyeditor
Brevity
Clarity
Editing procedure
Principles of headline writing
Guidelines
Procedure
Headlines on the Web
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Exercises

Chapter 14: Visual Journalists

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Words and pictures
Photojournalism – journalism, only different
Life and times of the photojournalist
The digital revolution
Designers
Graphics journalists
The importance of the visual
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference

 
Chapter 15: Graphics Journalism

Parts of a chart (interactive)
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Principles of design
Conventions of graphics
The good graphic
Types of graphics
Developing infographics
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Exercises


Chapter 16: Photojournalism

The Associated Press policy on handling photographs
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Basics of photojournalism
Photographer’s commitment
The photojournalist in action
Newsworthy photos
Photo editing
Cropping
Scaling
Digital photography
Ethics and taste
Cutlines
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Exercises

 
Chapter 17: Publication Design

Parts of a newspaper page (interactive)
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Design
Visual logic
Type
Type on the page
Illustration
White space
Newspaper design
Types of newspaper design
Principles of layout
News judgment
          SIDEBAR: Steps in laying out a page
Laying out a page
Twelve rules
Web site design
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference


Chapter 18: Broadcasters

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Broadcast journalists
The world of broadcasting
Selection of news
News department organization
How reporters work
          SIDEBAR: Make the news relevant for people's lives
Broadcast news formats
Salaries in broadcast journalism
Getting into broadcast journalism
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference

 
Chapter 19: Writing for Broadcast

Broadcast writing style tips
Broadcast writing examples
How would Shakespeare do in a writing class
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Characteristics of writing
Story structure
          SIDEBAR: Lose the accent
Broadcast writing style
Broadcast copy preparation
          SIDEBAR: The hissing sibilant
Putting together a newscast
Conclusion
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference
Exercises


Section IV: When

Chapter 20: Beginnings of Journalism

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Where does journalism begin?
The printing press
Dangerous information
The New World
Benjamin Franklin
          SIDEBAR: Women in 18th century journalism
The fire of revolution
          SIDEBAR: James Rivington and the Tory Press
Partisanship
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Reading and reference

 
Chapter 21: Journalism Comes of Age

George Smalley and the battle of Antietam
What did Lincoln really look like?
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Change and more change
The Penny Press
James Gordon Bennett and the New York Herald
          SIDEBAR Samuel F.B. Morse: What Hath God Wrought!
Sectionalism, slavery and abolition
The growth of magazines
          SIDEBAR: Picturing the rich and the famous
The Civil War
The end of the war and its aftermath
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference


Chapter 22: New Realities, New Journalism

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
A profession matures
A generation of growth
An age of personalities
          SIDEBAR: Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus
Advancing technology
          SIDEBAR: Yellow Journalism
Reporters and reporting
          SIDEBAR: “Stunt” Journalism Nellie Bly
Change in advertising
The watchdog press
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference

 
Chapter 23: 20th Century and Beyond

Edward R. Murrow
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
A century of technology
The decline of newspapers
The development of radio
Time and development of the news magazine
          SIDEBAR: Henry Luce and the March of Time
Television
          SIDEBAR: Watergate: A ‘third-rate burglary’ and a Pulitzer for two young reporters
Newspapers: clouded stability and prosperity
Expanding television with cable
The development of the web
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference


 

Section V: Why

Chapter 24: Law and the Journalist

State of the First Amendment 2004 (PDF)
          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
Corruption in Minneapolis
Legal precedents
          SIDEBAR: The state of the First Amendment
The First Amendment
Defamation
Defenses against libel suits
          SIDEBAR: Developing the concept of the public figure
Copyright and Trademarks
Privacy
          WHAT DO YOU THINK? What would you do?
Legal protections for journalists
Free press-fair trial
Constant vigilance
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference


Chapter 25: Ethical Practices

         SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
The good journalist
An approach to ethical behavior
          SIDEBAR: Loyalty to what?
Ethical difficulties
Persistent problems
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference


Chapter 26: Present and Future

          SIDEBAR: Key concepts and terms
An open profession
Financial state of the profession
Areas of concern, optimism
Changing technology, changing audience
Questions for discussion
Related web sites
Readings and reference

  
Index



Section I | 1: News and Society  |  2: Culture of Journalism  |  3: Becoming a Journalist
Section II  |  4: Newspapers  |  5: Magazines  |  6: Television and Radio  |  7: News Web Sites
Section III  |  8: Reporters  |  9: Reporting  |  10: Writing news and features  |  11: Style  | 
12: Editors13: Editing and headline writing  |  14: Visual Journalists  |
  15: Graphics Journalism  |  16: Photojournalism  |  17: Publication Design  |
  18: Broadcasters  |  19: Writing for Broadcast
Section IV  |  20: Beginnings of Journalism  |  21: Journalism Comes of Age  | 
22: New Realities, New Journalism  |   23: 20th Century and Beyond
Section V  |  24: Law and the Journalist  |  25: Ethical Practices  |   26: Present and Future
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